Web Design

Web design goes beyond the merely aesthetic aspects.

Archive September 11, 2020

How To Make Web Design Accessible

Web design goes beyond the merely aesthetic aspects. The elements of a website are made to improve the user’s browsing experience, draw their attention to certain places on the site, and open an easy way to what they are looking for on the web. Keep in mind that not all users are the same and that some may have more difficulty than others when navigating or may use different types of devices to access the web.

Why Is It Important?

Web accessibility means making web design so that any user can use the web with ease.

When talking about accessibility, screen readers or voice control often come to mind, but there are many more things in reality. Some things can go unnoticed, such as the fact that one in 12 people suffers from achromatopsia and does not see colors; therefore, if the design is focused only on colors to transmit information, it becomes useless numbers of users.

Some people have some visual impairment, although they are not recognized as blind. If you design with these people in mind, you will improve any user’s experience, because after all, although we can read and understand the text written in gray on a white background, it does not mean that reading it is easy and pleasant.

On the other hand, there are many forms of Internet browsing. Some users use slow connections or old browsers; others will have a fast connection, the necessary plug-ins installed, and everything updated; use a mouse and keyboard, and others are obliged to use screen readers; some access the Internet from their mobile or tablet and others from a desktop computer.

Web accessibility is important because, in today’s society, we are all fighting for equal opportunities; the same happens in the online environment: the maximum possible number of people should have access to the Web to be able to participate more actively in society than nowadays you can no longer imagine without an internet connection.

Tips To Create An Accessible Web

Many factors can influence the accessibility of a website. Remember that web design is not only design and visual elements, but also the ease of accessing the web’s information.

To create an accessible website, you have to try to comply with a series of rules:

  • Create pages that adapt well to any type of device
  • That interaction with the web is possible through voice, mouse, keyboard, or other
  • Do not make flat pages of plain text without any graphic elements
  • Use descriptive alt (alternative) text for images and graphic elements
  • Subtitle and transcribe audio and video elements
  • Use image maps
  • When you link to another website, the link text has to make sense even if it is read out of context
  • Create data charts
  • Do not rely only on color (texts and graphics on the site must be understandable even to people who are not able to see colors)
  • For the presentation of content, you must use CSS style sheets and bookmarks
  • Make pages accessible to older browsers (not everyone has access to the latest technologies)
  • Organize the site very clear and easy to understand

Tips For Designing Websites For Kids

Designing websites for children is a totally different experience than designing a website for adults. In fact, you have to forget a bit about certain rules and good practices already established in the design and go against them in order to create an interface that the smallest users can use without problems.

Take into account the age

Considering your target audience is a good practice that is used in all types of design, regardless of whether you are designing an application or a website. But you must be much more careful even when it comes to children because there are abysmal differences between children of different ages. Since they are in physical and mental growth, you should be informed of all the characteristics and behaviors of children according to their age range.

Create a fun atmosphere

Chances are, if you’re designing a website for kids, it will be largely educational or contain a series of age-appropriate games. You have to convey that sense of fun in your design and it can be achieved, as you may already know, by using the right images, colors, text, icons and fonts.

Navigation and buttons should be conspicuous

The interface of a website for children should provide a good experience. The first step to achieve this is that both the navigation and the buttons and icons must be clearly visible, in such a way that there is no doubt for users that they can interact with these buttons. A common practice on these sites is to enlarge both the navigation and any call-to-action button or icon. To reinforce the actions and links in the navigation, icons are usually placed next to the word.

Use animated sounds and effects to your advantage

Incorporating explanations, music and animations is favorable in websites aimed at children as it draws their attention much more and stimulates them in a positive way. It keeps them interested and attentive, not to mention that they will find it a lot more fun. Also, a voice-over could be helpful for children who cannot yet read.

Incorporate games and activities

The main goal of children’s websites is education. Educational games are usually placed that can support children’s learning. Probably, no matter what type of site you are designing, if it is aimed at children it will have a couple of activities that they can enjoy, whether related to language or mathematics, level of association or even serve to develop their imagination.

Includes information for parents

Although your users are the children, it is ultimately the parents who decide and control which websites their children can visit. Before children can get to know your website in depth, parents will check if the website in question has the type of content that parents consider appropriate for their children. So also dedicate a section for parents in which you explain what the purpose of the website is, what are the activities that your child can do there and how they help with their learning and development.